Syria

 

Syria was erected under the rule of empire builders arrived from Rome, Persia, Egypt, Turkey and Babylon, leaving its entire architectural imprint. Ruins scattered throughout the territory: many walls, abandoned castles, theaters and ruined shaky fortresses. The Roman Palmyra relics are one of the most important archaeological sites with the best preserved Roman theater; Damascus and Aleppo are two of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world; Krak des Chevaliers Castle is the most courageous crusaders and, in the Basilica of San Simeon we can find the monument to the more special martyr.

Official name

Syrian Arab Republic

 

Political Regime

Authoritarian Presidential Republic

 

Surface

185.200 km²

 

Population

19.747.586 people.

 

Capital

Damascus

 

Ethnic Groups

Predominantly Arab, Armenians and Kurds

 

Language

Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Turkish. French is more widespread than English.

 

Religion

Sunni Muslim 74%, 16% Alawi, Druze and other Muslim factions, 10% Christian, 10% Jews (small communities in Damascus, al-Quamisliyya and Aleppo).

 

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