Mention Rwanda to anyone with a small measure of geopolitical conscience, and that person will no doubt recall images of the horrific genocide that brutalized this tiny country in 1994. Nevertheless, since those dark days a miraculous transformation has been wrought and today the country is one of tribal unity, political stability and a promising future. Tourism is once again a key contributor to the economy and the industrys brightest star is the chance to track rare mountain gorillas through bamboo forests in the shadow of the Virunga volcanoes. These conical mountains are shrouded in equatorial jungles and helped earn Rwanda the well-deserved moniker of Le Pays des Mille Collines (Land of a Thousand Hills). Impregnable forests and beautiful beaches along Lake Kivu; travel to Rwanda means to meet the birth of a new Africa and a completely unforgettable experience.
Republic of Rwanda
Unitary semi-presidential republic
More than 80% of the population are Hutu and the rest belong to the Tutsi.
The country's principal language is Kinyarwanda, which is spoken by most Rwandans. The major European languages during the colonial era were German, and then French, which was introduced by Belgium and remained an official and widely spoken language after independence.
The largest faith in Rwanda is Roman Catholicism, but there have been significant changes in the nation's religious demographics since the genocide, with many conversions to Evangelical Christian faiths and, to a lesser degree, Islam.