Small country situated between the two great monsters of India and China and which extends along the highest peaks of the Himalayas. It is a land of sublime scenery, mysticism, worn temples, ancient cities and some of the best trekking routes to practice. Nepal enjoys a rich landscape and cultural treasures. Since time immemorial, this territory has stirred the imagination of the West, and is difficult to forget for those who visit it. Nepal breathes peace for its enchanting scenery, nice people, temples and ceremonies and giant mountains.
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Parliamentary federal republic
Among the earliest inhabitants were the Kirat of east mid-region, Newar of the Kathmandu Valley and aboriginal Tharu in the southern Terai region. The ancestors of the Brahmin and Chetri caste groups came from India's present Kumaon, Garhwal and Kashmir regions, while other ethnic groups trace their origins to North Burma and Yunnan and Tibet, e.g. the Gurung and Magar in the west, Rai, Sunuwar and Limbu in the east (from Yunnan and north Burma via Assam), and Sherpa and Bhutia in the north (from Tibet).
The official language is Nepali (also known as gurkhali), although there are over 100 tribal languages as Maithali or Bhojpuri. English is also spoken in some areas.
80% of the population is Hindus, 12% is Buddhists, and the rest is Muslims and practitioners of other religions.